Liberia A Brief History
After the abolishment of slavery, the struggle for freedom for African American rose tremendously in the United States. The back to Africa Movement became the core decision to solve the inequality problem that many free slaves were experiencing. This decision made it possible for the free slave to return back to Africa to establish their own home. The land that is now Liberia was the country of choice and the back to Africa movement began.
· 1822- The first free black settlers arrived in the land that is now called Liberia.
· 1847- On July 26, The Liberian Declaration of Independence was adopted and signed.
· 1848- The Liberian Constitution was ratified and first presidential election was held
· 1851- First college was established in the country
Liberia first president was a free slave by the name of Joseph Jenkins Roberts. Liberia consisted of indigenous Liberians and Ameri-Co Liberians who were the free slaves from the U.S. Liberia became known as the Republic of Liberia. The capital is Monrovia named after U.S president James Monroe, It is also nicknamed the “Lone Star country”, and The Liberian pledge of allegiance is similar to the U.S pledge of Allegiance. Liberia has had 20 presidents from 1847 to present time. The Liberian government consist of the legislative branch, executive branch and judicial branch very similar to the U.S governmental structure.
Full name: Republic of Liberia
· Population: 4.1 million (UN, 2010)
· Capital: Monrovia
· Area: 99,067 sq km (38,250 sq miles)
· Languages: English, 29 African languages belonging to the Mande, Kwa or Mel linguistic groups
· Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous belief
· Life expectancy: 59 years (men), 61 years (women) (UN)
· Monetary unit: 1 Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
· Main exports: Diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
· GNI per capita: US $160 (World Bank, 2009)